Valoración y relación de las características antropométricas y la condición física en árbitros de fútbol
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Palabras clave

Aceleración
salto vertical
resistencia
test
rendimiento

Cómo citar

YANCI IRIGOYEN, J., REINA VAILLO, R., GRANADOS DOMÍNGUEZ, C., SALINERO MARTIN, J. J., & LOS ARCOS LARUMBE, A. (2014). Valoración y relación de las características antropométricas y la condición física en árbitros de fútbol. Revista Española De Educación Física Y Deportes, (406), Pag. 15–27. https://doi.org/10.55166/reefd.v0i406.23

Resumen

Objetivos: El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las características antropométricas (masa, talla, índice de masa corporal y porcentaje de grasa) y la condición física (capacidad de aceleración, salto vertical y resistencia) en árbitros de fútbol y examinar la existencia o no de relación entre dichas variables. Método: 45 árbitros de fútbol pertenecientes a alguna de las categorías nacionales del futbol español (2ªA, 2ªB o 3ª división) participaron en este estudio. Resultados: Los resultados en 5 y 15 m fueron de 0,96 ± 0,08 s y 2,35 ± 0,14 s, respectivamente. En la capacidad de salto se observó una altura para el squat jump de 39,02 ± 6,26 cm y de 45,71 ± 7,44 cm para el salto con contra movimiento (CMJ). En la capacidad cardiovascular se obtuvo un promedio del consumo máximo de oxigeno estimado (VO2max) de 56,23 ± 3,20 ml•kg-1•min-1. Se observaron correlaciones signifi cativas entre los valores del CMJ y los del tiempo de aceleración en 15 m (r = -0,704). Distintas variables de capacidad cardiovascular correlacionaron de manera signifi cativamente inversa con el índice de masa corporal. Conclusión: Los árbitros de futbol tienen valores similares de aceleración, salto vertical y capacidad aeróbica que los jugadores o árbitros de fútbol de distintas categorías.
https://doi.org/10.55166/reefd.v0i406.23
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aerobic fi tness, and anaerobic fi tness in elite adolescent soccer players. Journal of Strength and

Conditioning Research, 23(1), 163-169.

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(2010). Is the relationship between sprinting and maximal aerobic speeds in young soccer players

affected by maturation? Pediatric Exercise Science, 22(4), 497-510.

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patterns and functional indexes of referees during the soccer match. Fitness Performance Journal,

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of Sports Science, 24(7), 795-801.

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in VO2max with ageing in masters athletes and sedentary men. Journal of Applied Physiology,

, 2195-2199.

Salaj, S. y Markovic, G. (2011). Specifi city of jumping, sprinting, and quick change-ofdirection

motor abilities. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(5), 1249-1255.

Tessitore, A., Cortis, C., Meeusen, R. y Capranica, L. (2007). Power performance of soccer

referees before, during, and after offi cial matches. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,

(4), 1183-1187.

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physical match performance in English Premier League soccer referees with particular reference

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Weston, M., Castagna, C., Helsen, W. y Impellizzeri F. (2009). Relationships among fi eldtest

measures and physical match performance in elite-standard soccer referees. Journal of Sports

Science, 27(11), 1177-1184.

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Changes in a top-level soccer referee’s training, match activities, and physiology over an 8-year

period: a case study. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6(2), 281-286.

Wisloff, U., Castagna, C., Helgerud, J., Jones, R. y Hoff, J. (2004). Strong correlation of

maximal squat strength with sprint performance and vertical jump height in elite soccer players.

British Journal of Sports Medicine, 38(3), 285-288.

Wong, P.L., Chamari, K., Dellal, A. y Wislof, U. (2009). Relationship between anthropometric

and physiological characteristics in youth soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning

Research, 23(4), 1204–1210.

Yanci, J. y Los Arcos, A. (2013). Aerobic and anaerobic performance variation in professional soccer players during preseason. Cultura_Ciencia_Deporte, 24(8), 207-215.

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